One of the most important features of smartphones is the camera. Whether it’s for photographing people, landscapes, flowers or food, buyers nowadays demand a good quality camera on the back of their handset. As they get better each year, for many they've replaced standalone point-and-shoot cameras as the go-to device for everyday photography, as they're easier to access and more compact to carry with you. The front-facing camera is increasingly important too with the trend of ‘selfies’ across social media and services like Snapchat.

But just what goes in to making a smartphone camera? What hardware do companies use? What do pixel sizes and f-stops really mean? In this article I’ll be exploring smartphone camera hardware, key terms associated with photography, and interesting comparisons along the way.

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