Windows 2000 Services Tweak guide

Much like previous versions of Windows NT, Windows 2000 also uses system Services. These allow support for other Programs/Hardware, etc. to run correctly. Or you can configure them to improve system security. By default Windows 2000 automatically runs many of these services & consumes more memory than it actually may need to for your particular needs, E.g. If you don't intend to use Task Scheduler or Fax Service, then why waste memory on running them automatically?

In this guide I'll cover what each service does & whether or not you really need it. Currently this guide is (still) the most comprehensive of it's sort (In terms of content & amount of Services covered). Now, onto the guide itself.


Before getting off to doing anything you should make sure you have the latest system components, & any other relevant updates installed. This will ensure all Services are displayed & in some cases may even fix issues with some of them. You can check out our OS Updates page for a listing of Windows 2000 updates.

Begin by logging on as Administrator. This will give you access to all the Services available in Windows 2000. To load the Services Utility, click on Start, Settings, Control Panel, Administrative Tools, then Services (You may also be able to access it via Start, Programs, Administrative Tools, Services if you enabled Administrative Tools to be displayed on the Start Menu).

This Utility lists all the Services that are available on your system. In particular look at the Startup Type tab, this attribute is the most important one & is the one which we will be dealing with mostly in this guide. 3 options are available & they are listed in the following section.

Disabled, Automatic or Manual?

These are the 3 choices that face you for each particular service available. What's the difference between each 3 options ? Well.

  • Disabled. This sets that the Service is not started while loading Windows 2000. If it is needed it cannot be started either until you set the Startup Type to Automatic/Manual & Reboot, or Start the service. This will help decrease boot time.

  • Automatic. The Service is automatically initiated while loading Windows 2000. This can increase boot time, although will save resources as the Service need not be requested to Start when Windows 2000 is loaded. Certain Services must be set to Automatic in order for Windows 2000 to function correctly.

  • Manual. The Service is not started while loading Windows 2000, although if needed it can be initiated. This will help decrease boot time, although system performance may degrade slightly while the Service is initiating.

In order to change the Startup type of a Service enter the Properties of the respective Service. To do this, Right click on the Service in question & select Properties.

From the Startup type drop-down menu you can choose the Services Startup type. Select Apply after you have made your selection for the change to take effect. Select Ok to return to the Services Utility. NOTE – In most cases it is recommended that you set a Service to Manual rather than Disabled first (As discussed earlier the only difference is that a Service may be started if needed, rather than not at all). That said, as you'll discover later on in this guide there are certain instances were it can be preferable to select Disable rather than Manual.


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