Scientists demo radio wave "twisting" to increase bandwidth

By on March 2, 2012, 1:30 PM

A group of Italian and Swedish researchers claim to have found a way to dramatically boost the information-carrying capacity of radio waves by employing a technique called "orbital angular momentum." Essentially the technique consists in forcing radio waves to twist about their axis as they travel, tracing out the shape of fusilli pasta, and varying this twist could allow a number of channels to be broadcast in the same frequency band.

The researchers demonstrated their theory by transmitting two twisted radio waves in the 2.4 GHz band, over a distance of 442 meters from San Giorgio island to Palazzo Ducale in St. Mark's square on the mainland of Venice, where they were able to pick up the two separate channels.

Apparently it shouldn't be too hard or expensive to add more twisted waves and increase the number of signals that can be sent simultaneously. Dr Fabrizio Tamburini, one of the researchers, explained to PhysOrg:

"Each of these twisted beams can be independently generated, propagated and detected even in the very same frequency band, behaving as independent communication channels [...] Within reasonable economic boundaries, one can think about using five orbital angular momentum states, from -5 (counter-clockwise) up to 5 (clockwise), including untwisted waves. In this instance, we can have 11 channels in one frequency band. It is possible to use multiplexing, like in digital TV, on each of these to implement even more channels on the same states."

According to Tamburini's calculations one could obtain 55 channels in the same frequency band. The findings, published in the New Journal of Physics yesterday, could pave the way for entirely new radio communication paradigms that might offer a solution to band congestion for radio, television, and Wi-Fi transmissions.

User Comments: 4

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ikesmasher said:

If only radio wave bandwidth couold be used for wifi for consumers, instead of law enforcement, etc.

I don't understand why they need it, their system works pretty well as it as, as far as I can tell.

psycros psycros said:

Leave it to the Italians to achieve a wireless breakthrough modeled after a noodle In all seriousness, I've been hearing about this kind of research for well over a year and figured it wouldn't be too long before it was engineered into reality. I expect we'll be seeing rollouts of this tech inside of two years - the cell carriers will be racing to develop their own versions of it. A shame they'll probably only use it to create 6G radios instead of actually expanding their network capacity.

DanUK DanUK said:

This is fascinating! Nice find. Also "lulz" @ psycros' first sentence.

TorturedChaos, TechSpot Chancellor, said:

I wonder if it takes completely different equipment or if current WiFi equipment can do it with a software update....

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