Microsoft released the Microsoft
Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA), to analyse Windows 2000/XP (&
NT4 remotely) systems for potential security issues, e.g. Hotfixes not
installed. This short guide will take you though configuring
stand-alone PCs to use this tool.
requires several Services installed & activate in order to ensure it can
operate correctly. To account for any Windows 2000 differences please see
information in brackets. To ensure these Services are available click on Start,
(Settings) Control Panel, Network Connections (Network
& Dial-up connections) & right click on your Internet
connection & select Properties. Finally select the Networking
that, as shown above, that Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) (Protocol), File
& Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks (Service) & Client for
Microsoft Networks (Client) are installed. If any of these are not installed
then select the Install button & select the Client/Service/Protocol
& select the respective component to be installed.
installation you can Tick the component to enable it’s use,
should you require it. Unticking the component will disable it.
The most important thing to note here is that by merely installing the
component it will add the required Service(s) for MBSA, disabling the
components use will not affect it’s functionality, e.g. In my case I disabled
File & Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks & Client for
Microsoft Networks as I do not require nor wish to run them.
Ok once you have made all the changes necessary here & reboot your PC
(Or at least disconnect & reconnect to the Internet).
click on Start, (Settings) Control Panel, Administrative
Tools & select Services.
you intend to run MBSA load this utility, right click on & select Start
for the following Services: Server & Workstation - You may
find it more convenient to set these to Automatic instead, to do so right
click on the respective Service & select Properties then the General
tab & change the Startup type accordingly.
Remote Registry service may also be required for some systems, though
most likely not on stand-alone PCs (At least not on mine).
more detailed information on adjusting Windows 2000/XP Services be sure to check
out the Windows
2000 & Windows
XP Services Guides. This can also aid you in better securing your system.