France likely to use AI-powered surveillance at Paris Olympics despite outcry
Civil rights groups have a lot of warnings for FranceBy Rob Thubron 7 comments
A hot potato: In a rare (these days) story about artificial intelligence of the non-generative type, France's National Assembly has approved the use of AI to aid in video surveillance of the 2024 Paris Olympics. The move comes despite opposition from rights groups who say its use is a potential violation of civil liberties while paving the way for the future use of invasive algorithm-driven video surveillance across Europe.
As per The Reg, the French government adopted Article 7 of the pending law for the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games, authorizing the use of automated analysis of surveillance video from fixed and drone cameras.
The system is said to detect specific suspicious events in public spaces, such as abnormal behavior, pre-determined events, and crowd surges.
While the AI-powered surveillance plan could be challenged at the highest constitutional court, France looks on track to becoming the first country in the European Union to use such a system.
It appears that France ignored the warning of 38 civil society organizations who expressed their concerns over the technology in an open letter. They say the proposed surveillance measures violate international human rights law as they contravene the principles of necessity and proportionality, and pose unacceptable risks to fundamental rights, such as the right to privacy, the freedom of assembly and association, and the right to non-discrimination.
The letter warns that should the AI system be adopted, it will set a precedent of unjustified and disproportionate surveillance in publicly accessible spaces.
"If the purpose of algorithm-driven cameras is to detect specific suspicious events in public spaces, they will necessarily capture and analyze physiological features and behaviors of individuals present in these spaces, such as their body positions, gait, movements, gestures, or appearance," the open letter reads. "Isolating individuals from the background, without which it would be impossible to achieve the aim of the system, will amount to 'unique identification.'"
As is often the case with AI surveillance, there are also discrimination fears. "Using algorithmic systems to fight crime has resulted in over-policing, structural discrimination in the criminal justice system, and over-criminalization of racial, ethnic, and religious minorities," the groups add.
Mher Hakobyan, Amnesty International's advocacy advisor on AI regulation, said the decision puts France at risk of permanently transforming into a dystopian surveillance state.
France's Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libertés (CNIL) regulatory commission backed the bill under the condition that no biometric data is processed, but privacy advocates do not believe such a thing is possible.
Daniel Leufer, the policy advisor at digital rights organization Access Now, said, "You can do two things: object detection or analysis of human behavior - the latter is the processing of biometric data."
Masthead: Henning Schlottmann