When I mean a "dumb pipe" I mean not owning media companies that compete with third-party providers. AT&T, for instance, owns DirecTV. Comcast owns NBC. These media company purchases should've never been allowed since it allows the ISPs to play favorites. Net Neutrality was supposed to prevent favoritism.And, FYI, "dumb pipes" work very poorly. This isn't 1989. A 21st century Internet requires a more intelligent infrastructure.