You've just bought a new CPU and it seems to run pretty cool, so you try a bit of overclocking. The GHz climbs higher and higher, it's surely not supposed to be like this? You rush to the internet to share your excitement of hitting the silicon jackpot, and within a few posts, somebody proclaims that you've got yourself a binned chip. But what is it?
The first 3D graphics cards appeared 25 years ago and since then their power and complexity have grown at a scale greater than any other microchip found in a PC. In going from one million to billions of transistors, smaller dies, and consuming more power, the capabilities of these behemoths is immeasurably greater, but what can we learn about efficiency?